At the 73rd session of the UN General Assembly's first committee, the international community reaffirmed the timeliness of the Universal Nuclear-Weapons-Free World Declaration initiated by Kazakhstan with an overwhelming majority, which was adopted December 7, 2015, by the UN General Assembly. 135 UN member states endorsed the resolution co-sponsored by 41 states. In 2015, 131 states voted in favor of the resolution, with 35 states co-sponsoring it.
Support for the resolution by India and North Korea, the nuclear-weapon states, was of special attention. In addition, the number of supporters among European states for a pragmatic approach in building a world free of nuclear weapons has also increased.
The initiative to adopt the Universal Declaration was taken by President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev that was achieved in December 2015. The head of state called upon the international community to "make the establishment of a world free of nuclear weapons the main goal of mankind in the 21st century."
The Universal Declaration, designed and adopted at the 70th session of the UN General Assembly, calls:
- to completely eliminate nuclear weapons as the only absolute guarantee against their further use and the threat of use;
- to adopt a comprehensive and legally binding document that would fully eliminate nuclear weapons;
- to redirect human and economic resources used in designing, maintaining and updating nuclear weapons to the consolidation of peace and security, sustainable development and lifting millions out of poverty;
- to observe the norms of international law, including the norms of international humanitarian law, because of the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons.
Under the current conditions of the geopolitical situation in the world, the objectives and tasks of the Universal Declaration are increasingly relevant and essential, and its universal nuclear disarmament principles and obligations are intended to serve as a bridge between different perceptions of a safe world.
The updated resolution reflects recent developments in nuclear disarmament, including the adoption of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in July 2017, with Kazakhstan actively participating in its development and adoption.
The Universal Declaration's main provisions and ideas, as well as anti-nuclear initiatives of President Nazarbayev, were translated into the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, coinciding with Un Secretary-General Antуnio Guterres's view on the global issue, which was noted in the updated resolution of Kazakhstan.
Continuation of the dialogue in the field of nuclear armament and disarmament, the establishment of mutual trust and a common vision of the issue regarding the elimination of nuclear weapons, all this is widely supported by the UN member states and advances further progress towards a world free of nuclear weapons.
Acceptance of the resolution during the first committee's session was a sign of recognition of Kazakhstan's contribution to the process of nuclear disarmament, strengthening the peace and international security, as well as proves the firm commitment of our state to the process of achievement of a world free of nuclear weapons.
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