Sales of arms and military services by the world's largest arms-producing and military services companies-the SIPRI Top 100-totaled $398.2 billion in 2017, according to new international arms industry data released today by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).
The total for the SIPRI Top 100 in 2017 is 2.5 percent higher than in 2016 and represents an increase of 44 percent since 2002 (the first year for which comparable data is available; figures exclude China). This is the third consecutive year of growth in Top 100 arms sales.
US companies increase their share of total Top 100 arms sales
With 42 companies listed in 2017, companies based in the United States continued to dominate the Top 100 in 2017. Taken together, the arms sales of US companies grew by 2.0 percent in 2017, to $226.6billion, which accounted for 57 percent of total Top 100 arms sales. Five US companies were listed in the top 10 in 2017. 'US companies directly benefit from the US Department of Defense's ongoing demand for weapons,' says Aude Fleurant, Director of SIPRI's Arms and Military Expenditure Program.
Lockheed Martin remained the world's largest arms producer in 2017, with arms sales of $44.9 billion. 'The gap between Lockheed Martin and Boeing-the two largest arms producers in the world-increased from $11 billion in 2016 to $18 billion in 2017,' says Fleurant.
Russia becomes the second largest arms producer in the Top 100
The combined arms sales of Russian companies accounted for 9.5 percent of the Top 100 total, making Russia the second largest arms producer in the Top 100 in 2017-a position that had been occupied by the United Kingdom since 2002. Taken together, the arms sales of the 10 Russian companies listed in the Top 100 increased by 8.5 percent in 2017, to $37.7 billion. 'Russian companies have experienced significant growth in their arms sales since 2011,' says Siemon Wezeman, Senior Researcher with SIPRI's Arms and Military Expenditure Program. 'This is in line with Russia's increased spending on arms procurement to modernize its armed forces.'
In 2017 a Russian company appeared in the top 10 for the first time since SIPRI started publishing its annual Top 100 list. 'Almaz-Antey, which was already Russia's largest arms-producing company, increased its arms sales by 17 percent in 2017, to $8.6 billion,' says Alexandra Kuimova, Research Assistant with SIPRI's Arms and Military Expenditure Program.
Along with Almaz-Antey, three other Russian companies in the Top 100 increased their arms sales by more than 15 percent: United Engine Corporation (25 percent), High Precision Systems (22 percent) and Tactical Missiles Corporation (19 percent).
The UK remains the largest arms producer in Western Europe
The combined arms sales of the 24 companies in Western Europe listed in the Top 100 increased by 3.8 percent in 2017, to $94.9 billion, which accounted for 23.8 percent of the Top 100 total. The UK remained the largest arms producer in the region in 2017, with total arms sales of $35.7 billion and seven companies listed in the Top 100. 'The combined arms sales of British companies were 2.3 percent higher than in 2016,' says Fleurant. 'This was largely due to increases in the arms sales of BAE Systems, Rolls-Royce and GKN.'
BAE Systems, which is ranked fourth in the Top 100, is the UK's biggest arms producer. Its arms sales rose by 3.3 percent in 2017, to $22.9 billion.
Other notable developments
The arms sales of Turkish companies rose by 24 percent in 2017. 'This significant increase reflects Turkey's ambitions to develop its arms industry to fulfill its growing demand for weapons and become less dependent on foreign suppliers,' says Pieter Wezeman, Senior Researcher with SIPRI's Arms and Military Expenditure Program.
Taken together, the arms sales of the four Indian companies ranked in the Top100 totaled $7.5billion in 2017, representing a 1.9 percent share of Top100 arms sales.
Sales of the top15 manufacturing companies listed in the Fortune Global 500 totaled $2311 billion in 2017. This is almost 10 times greater than the total arms sales of the top15 arms producers ($231.6billion) in 2017, and almost six times greater than the total combined arms sales of the Top100 ($398.2billion).
The SIPRI Arms Industry Database was created in 1989. At that time it excluded data for companies in countries in Eastern Europe, including the Soviet Union. However, the current version contains data from 2002, including data for companies in Russia. Chinese companies are not included in the database due to the lack of available data on which to make a reasonable or consistent estimate of arms sales dating back to 2002.
Source: Kazinform News Agency
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